Saturday, May 23, 2020
Argumentative Synthesis of The Simpsons, South Park, and Social Satire The question of immigration had been one of AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s biggest issues since the 1500s. Mass immigration began in the late 1600s and became uncontrollable for the native population to control. In fact, many began to move west where opportunity existed. After the ratification of the Constitution in 1789, the question of immigration died down until the Irish and German immigration wave in the mid-19th century. Today, immigration is no longer a major issue, but illegal immigration is. All through the late 20th and early 21st century, many Latin Americans began to come to the US, undocumented. Media and government address the issue of illegal immigration in many different ways. The government is usually strongly against illegal immigration and some politicians make it the issue of their campaigns. The media, on the other hand, may vary in their views on the issue. South Park and The Simpsons both satirize the iss ue of illegal immigration in their own different way. South Park addressed the issue of illegal immigration in a rather peculiar way. In the South Park episode Goobacks, the producers show people from the future traveling to South Park and taking jobs for cheap. The statistics say that if one can come then many can and will as well. In Goobacks, the first time traveler appears and explains the situation of Earth in the future, how the economic, and environmental problems are way out of hand.
Monday, May 18, 2020
1. Executive Summary This report defines, examines and promotes a non-profit capitalistic business model. The model endorses enterprises which compete in the free market, but eschews profits in favor of social benefits. This entails an increased workforce with benefits and wages on par with current standards. This increased employee pool works under a staggered shift structure so that each employee only works a 3-day (24 hour) workweek. Labor is scheduled in such a way that there is necessary labor coverage for the firm to function and compete over a traditional 5-day business week. Special attention is given to the prospects of utilizing such a system as a method to increase industry and innovation in the Northeast Ohio region.Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Problems Despite having nearly double the Gross Domestic Product of any other country in the world, the United States consistently ranks outside the top ten in statistics dealing with happiness and quality of life. In recent year s, several social and economic problems have gained attention in the public sphere. Many of these problems have significant overlap with business conditions in the Northeast Ohio region. (World Bank, 2012; Helliwell, Layard and Sachs, 2012, p 31-55, Economist, 2005) In this chapter I will give an overview of a group of socio-economic problems which may be relieved by transition to the system of non-profit capitalism proposed in this report. I will also address the specific issue of attracting industry and innovation to the Northeast Ohio region. This will be addressed as a functional example of the systemÃ¢â¬â¢s regional implementation model. a. Unemployment As of March, 2013 the U.S. National Unemployment rate was 7.6%. A total of 11.7 million people were reported as unemployed by the Bureau of Labor Statistics. This rate is improved from the height of the recent recession, where the statistic floated around 9%, but it is still not the usual 3-4% figure we are used to seeing in regular market conditions. (bls.gov, US, 2013) These figures are uncomfortably high as represented, however, they do not tell the entire story. The actual unemployment rate, including discouraged workers and other omitted classes was estimated as high asShow MoreRelatedThe Nonprofit Sector1521 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesthe emergence of western democracy constructed a legal and socioeconomic structure which highlights the role of the non profit sphere as a form of repressive benevolence. Capitalism thrives off the control of wealth and social change, because of its ability to internalize the market as a mechanism to a solution. The nonprofit sector is a bureaucratic barrel which allows capitalism to replace the functions of the states and create a wound through various shots of dominance. Although the nonprofitRead MoreCase Study 71141 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagessuccessful because each organizational component directly addresses the organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s mission. Discuss. Aravind is highly successful because each component adheres to core mission where spirituality and humanity supersedes capitalism and profits. Aravind Eye Care System founder, Dr. Gouindappa Venkataswamy, warmly known as Dr. V, decided that in the developing country of India the government alone could not encounter the health needs of the population of the country. In a countryRead More Consumer Driven World of Advertising Essay1550 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesto do something about. But I see a large problem with his first proposal. With capitalism, free enterprise, and little government control it is impossible to regulate industry and force them to promote only the goods and services that benefit society. Most industrys are profit driven, answering to their shareholders for instants in a large corporation. There are a few exceptions to the rule such as non profit organizations. The proposal sounds like the building blocks and ideology of a communistRead MoreEnvironm ental Scan- Toms Shoes Essay2234 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesUniversity and returned to Argentina in 2006, he was confronted firsthand with the conditions that members of these communities were living in; communities in such poverty that villagers could not even afford shoes for their children. He saw many non-profit organizations working so hard to help these children, but noticed many flaws in their heartfelt efforts. Mycoskie soon after discovered a shoe worn by most locals known as the Alpargata: a unique and comfortable farm shoe. Mycoskie returned to theRead MoreCapitalism : The Highest Stage Of Capitalism1538 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesSince Vladimir Lenin was a Marxist and socialist he was opposed to global capitalism, and his book of Imperialism: The Highest Stage of Capitalism points out some of his main arguments regarding the capitalism as a whole. He regarded World War 1 as an imperialist war, caused by pressures that arose from an immediate development of several European empires . The central nations of capitalism participated to expand their exploitative sphere, which led to the conflict of interests and eventually producedRead MoreA Report On The Boot Foundation Essay1366 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesFoundation sales all types of footwear, both menÃ¢â¬â¢s and womenÃ¢â¬â¢s, and of multiple purposes. The Boot Foundation targets the premium market Ã¢â¬â the goal of Boot Foundation is to sell the shoes at a slightly higher cost than the industry average, so that the profit can be used to maintain the operation of the business and, at the same time, provide shoes for children in need. Background: Child Poverty in New Zealand According to Dr. Russell, the ChildrenÃ¢â¬â¢s Commissioner of New Zealand, there are approximatelyRead MoreGlobal Capitalism And Its Impact On The United States895 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIt is not just the arbitrary concepts of capitalism which have a tendency to expand, under the Marxist understanding of the state, capitalist states will make foreign policy decisions for the benefit of global capitalism. The increased intervention by western states in the Marxist view is about the sole purpose of the expansion of capitalism in the search of profit for the companies, using the state as a mobiliser for action towards such an end. Mark Rupert brought forward a case study of such Ã¢â¬Å"imperialismÃ¢â¬ Read MoreMarx s Theory Of Socialism987 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagescommunism. During the winter of 1857 Marx produced an outline of his critique of the political economy in an unfinished manuscript called The Grundrisse (Fowkes, B 1997). Marx believed that deficiencies in the economy and soc ial injustices inherent to capitalism would ultimately lead to the breakdown of capitalist societies. He predicted that this breakdown of the capitalist societies would ultimately give rise to communism. For Marx, identifying the fundamental contradictions of the capitalist system ofRead MoreCapitalism in Early America Essay1330 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesCapitalism in Early America Many different people have defined capitalism over the years. It has been defined as a political entity, economic entity and as a social entity. Max Weber and Karl Marx argue different theories concerning the emergence of capitalism. While it is unsure whether the economic system emerged first or the cultural values and ideology that allowed for the formation of capitalism emerged first, one thing is for certain, capitalism is tied to cultural values and ideologyRead MoreEssay on Gke Task 41082 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesthe work was easier in the sense that they were able to work in all day long instead on only daylight to dawn, and this increased production led to the formation of the Bourgeoisie. The Bourgeoisie was the newly created middle class that was all but non-existent before the First Industrial Revolution. These positions came into existence due to the increased production of products that needed to be sold to the public. The Bourgeoisie was primarily shop owners, and the ir ability to market products
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Peyton Miller Mr. Rosenast AP Literature and Composition, 5 15 December 2014 In literature an archetype is used as a character, image or theme that exemplifies a universal meaning or a simple human experience. For this occasion the archetype is referring to a journey. The conventional stages of the archetypal journey are departure, initiation, testing oneÃ¢â¬â¢s ability, descending into the underworld, and then returning and reintegrating with society. One example of the archetypal journey is in the novel As I Lay Dying by William Faulkner. In the novel the Bundren family undertakes a quest from their home in Yoknapatawpha County to Jefferson in pursuance of burying their mother/ wife, Addie. Along the way this family endures numerous hurdles that they must overcome. Their journey resembles that of an archetypal journey with a departure, journey and arrival. Along with the novel As I Lay Dying by William Faulkner, the film Little Miss Sunshine shares the same archetypal pattern. The film Little Miss Sunshine is an effective contemporary int erpretation of an archetypal journey because of its events, characters and symbols that are similar to those in the novel As I Lay Dying. The motion picture Little Miss Sunshine is an effective contemporary integration of an archetypal journey because of its events. An archetypal journey in the film starts off with a departure and an initiation. Olive who has just competed in regionals was not originally the winner, however, she gets a callShow MoreRelatedLiterary Analysis Of Hawthorne s The Old Town Of Salem My Night Essay1151 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesCherry 1 Source Text Excerpt Analysis This old town of Salem-my native place, though I have dwelt much away from it, both in boyhood and mature years-possesses, or did possess, a hold on my affections, the force of which I have never realized during my seasons of actual residence. (6) Hawthorne shows that although he has moved away, his New England Ã¢â¬Å"soul and spirtÃ¢â¬ remain in Salem and he is still drawn to Salem and still struggles with some of the Puritan values that were instilled in him. The figureRead MorePrejudice-to Kill a Mockingbird and Martin Luther King5895 Words Ã |Ã 24 Pagesunjust prejudice of the white society. Harper Lee portrays prejudice against race, gender, class and disability through her sequence of plot and various literary techniques such as symbolism, irony, foreshadowing, imagery, tone etc. to interweave a timeless story of good versus evil. On the other hand Martin Luther King also uses various literary techniques such as symbolism, imagery, repetition, tone, emotive language, etc. to display the racial prejudice illustrated in his Ã¢â¬ËI Have a DreamÃ¢â¬â¢ speechRead MoreThe Epithet in the Novel Jane Eyre18849 Words Ã |Ã 76 PagesINTRODUCTION The present course- paper is devoted to the comprehensive study of stylistic device Ã¢â¬â the epithet in the literary work Ã¢â¬Å"Jane EyreÃ¢â¬ by Charlotte Bronte. The topicality of chosen by us theme lies in the fact that a human being perceives the reality by means of various images. These images exist everywhere: in art, in nature, in thoughts, and in speech in particular. Each of us at least ones created an image. We use different means (stylistic expressive means and devices) to achieveRead MoreAnne of Green Gables: Personality and Destiny9447 Words Ã |Ã 38 PagesDestiny Abstract Anne of Green Gables is the first long novel of famous Canadian author Lucy Maud Montgomery, published in 1908. Its publication lightened the spirit of Canadians of that age, giving a place to Canadian native literature in the literary world. Current studies on AnneÃ¢â¬â¢s personality is mainly about AnneÃ¢â¬â¢s lunacy, mercuriality, narcissist, rebellion,precocity, imagination,love for nature and life. These personalities are considered fixed and invariable .But there is few studies comprehensivelyRead MoreStylistic Potential of the English Noun16714 Words Ã |Ã 67 Pages-30 1.5.4 Stylistic potential of the category of article determination -34 Chapter Two. Analysis of examples taken from fiction on the basis of considered theoretical phenomena -42 2.1 Analysis of the examples regarding the category of gender -43 2.2 Analysis of the examples regarding the category of number -53 2.3 Analysis of the examples regarding the category of case -55 2.4 Analysis of the examples regarding the category of article determination Read MoreAmerican Slang Essay 115481 Words Ã |Ã 62 Pagesplain fact that slang, like the folk-song, is not the creation of people in the mass, but of definite individuals,Ã and that its character as slang depends entirely upon its adoption by the ignorant, who use its novelties too assiduously and with too little imagination, and so debase them to the estate of worn-out coins, smooth and valueless. What American slang actually consists of doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t depend, in truth, upon intrinsic qualities, but upon the surrounding circumstances. It is the user that determinesRead MoreIgbo Dictionary129408 Words Ã |Ã 518 Pagesthis edition at least slightly less faulty. I am very grateful to Dr (now Professor) E.N. EmenanjÃ¡ » , Mr (now Dr) P.A. Anagbogu, and to Miss Helen Joe Okeke and Miss Ifeoma Okoye, students of Alvan Ikoku College of Education, Owerri, for last-minute [sic] help on the grammatical section of the introduction; and to the late Mr A.E. Ahunanya, Mrs Dorothy Njoku, and Miss Mercy Harry for their care over the typing. Kay Williamson Port Harcourt December, 1983 iii Igbo Dictionary: KayWilliamson. DraftRead MoreMarketing Management 14th Edition Test Bank Kotler Test Bank173911 Words Ã |Ã 696 PagesMarketing Management, 14e (Kotler/Keller) Chapter 1 Defining Marketing for the 21st Century 1) Which of the following statements about marketing is true? A) It is of little importance when products are standardized. B) It can help create jobs in the economy by increasing demand for goods and services. C) It helps to build a loyal customer base but has no impact on a firms intangible assets. D) It is more important for bigger organizations than smaller ones. E) It is seldom used by nonprofitRead MoreDeveloping Management Skills404131 Words Ã |Ã 1617 PagesLine 58 Understanding and Appreciating Individual Differences Important Areas of Self-Awareness 61 Emotional Intelligence 62 Values 65 Ethical Decision Making and Values 72 Cognitive Style 74 Attitudes Toward Change 76 Core Self-Evaluation 79 SKILL ANALYSIS 84 Cases Involving Self-Awareness 84 Communist Prison Camp 84 Computerized Exam 85 Decision Dilemmas 86 SKILL PRACTICE 89 Exercises for Improving Self-Awareness Through Self-Disclosure 89 Through the Looking Glass 89 Diagnosing Managerial Characteristics
Construct a good, solid essay of at least 3 full pages which answers one of the prompts below. In addition to consulting your lecture notes and textbook, you may find it helpful to consult the New Cambridge Medieval History, Vol. I, which may be found in the Walsh Library Reference Room, call number D117. We will write a custom essay sample on Discussion and Analysis Essay or any similar topic only for you Order Now N48. Essays will be graded on content (clarity and coherence) as well as mechanics (grammar and spelling). Late papers will be significantly penalized and any paper later than 24 hours will NOT be accepted. Drafts of papers are to be submitted as hard (printed) copies to bothÃ your editing partner and me. Final versions of papers are to be submitted as hard (printed) copies to me; you will alsoÃ includeÃ the marked-up version of your draft. All papers must have 1Ã¢â¬ margins, be double spaced, and in Times New Roman or Garamond, size 10-12 font. Do not double-space your initial, first page heading. In supporting your observations, you will certainly need to point to specifics in the texts. However, you should not rely on direct quotations and should use them very sparingly. You may not use any quote lengthier than two sentences. No block quotations. Any essay that consists of more than one-quarter direct quotations will receive a D. You should learn how to sum up examples in your own words, but be aware that changing only a few words of someone else is still considered plagiarism. Any time you use a direct quotation or paraphrase something, you need to cite the material. This includes anything from the Chronicle text. For this second essay, your goal is to analytically read primary source materials. As you read and begin to formulate your essay, consider some of the following questions: who is this author? Why are they writing? What is the obvious, surface purpose of this document? Is there a purpose or conclusion that the author reaches which is not so obvious? What fundamental assumptions does the author have about his subject material? How do these assumptions influence or appear in the work, either explicitly or implicitly? How do the attitudes or perceptions of the subject matter change or evolve over time? How does the historical context of each author influence his approach and treatment of his subject matter? These questions should be only the beginning of your inquiry and you certainly are not restricted to them. Use them to formulate your own questions, and then use those questions to help you structure your essay. Often the best essays are built around thesis questions, not thesis statements. Primary source excerpts can be found in your Rosenwein reader or online at the Fordham Medieval Sourcebook and google books. This is a 3 page paper; obviously you cannot use all the sources, however what you choose should make sense for your thesis. The Crusades Tactic I Using the documents listed below, explore what motivated people to go on crusade to the Holy Land in the middle ages. Did their experiences match their expectations? Were they fulfilled, disappointed? How important was morale and how was it kept up? Address strengths and weaknesses of the source material and be sure to make connections between the sources. Tactic II Using the documents listed below, explore what we can learn about memory and different groupsÃ¢â¬â¢ interpretation of events. Address strengths and weaknesses of the source material and be sure to make connections between the sources. How to cite Discussion and Analysis Essay, Essay examples
Reading between the lines Essay Reading Between the LinesMany times people take books for granted. Theyll sometimes prefer to watch a show on television or a movie than to pick up a book and read it. Simply, all because it is easier and faster to get trough with a movie than with a television show. Then there are also those few that do read, but when reading one mustnt just read text on books to get trough with it. They must be able to comprehend what it is that is said in the book, what point it is trying to get across. A couple of days ago I read and article written by Mortimer J. Adler. It was called How to Mark a Book. The article mentioned and talked about how people must learn to read a book. Not by simply just reading the text, but by understanding what is mentioned, consider the point of view of the author, and the degree of significance the author gives to the text. This is where reading between the lines comes in. A person must be able to acknowledge what he or she is reading. If the individual reads the text and does not understand its meaning, then the time has been wasted as Adler mentions in his article. One must learn ways of understanding a book and what it is trying to get across, because text carries emotion to a great extend and people just dont seem to know. This is why reading is essential not only to ones education but to ones life as well. I completely agree with what Adler mentions in the article. If a person does not make notes of what he or she is reading, then he or she is only processing text trough their mind and not receiving the message that is the subject at hand. If one is able to understand the significance of the writing then not only can a person develop better writing and communication skills but also gain an experience. Understand that when reading a book the reader has to take time making notes and figuring out what certain material means in order to perceive well what is being mentioned. Therefore one must read books more than one time so that one can appreciate the book and put it to good use one way or the other in their lives. Next time you have to read a book, read it to grasp the concept of its meaning. If you learn to understand a book not only, will you become better at it, you will also become a better person and you will love it. Make the book a part of your life so that the knowledge held between the lines can be yours.
Saturday, May 2, 2020
Question: Discuss about the Human Resource Management and Lean Manufacturing. Answer: Introduction The company that is selected for the study while describing various aspects of human capital and strategic human resource management is Tesco PLC. Tesco is a supermarket multinational giant based on United Kingdom. The industry that is chosen for describing the human resource capital of the company is supermarket and retail industry. Globally many supermarket retail giants are ruling in their country of their origin but also in the other countries of the world. However, Tesco is listed under London Stock Exchange FTSE 100. Tesco is expanding its business operations in Germany. It is a vital decision of the strategic management department of Tesco in the process of business operations expansion. Globally supermarket sector is very competitive in nature. Many companies are expanding their operations in order to attract more customers by developing quality products at an affordable price. Price war is a vital aspect that is the driving the industry of supermarkets on a global basis. In the last five years, it is seen that the trends of the industry has been drastically changed. The nature of the products and the values of the companies are different. Apart from that, the taste and preferences of the customers regarding in the various ranges of products are also changing in the last five years. It is an important fact that in the economic recession, Tesco along with other supermarkets with the help of advanced technologies is successful in accepting the change in the market and fulfil the demands of the customers worldwide. Evaluation of International business environment Internalisation is the current trend that every business is adopting in order to achieve economies of scale. Apart from that, the main motive is the revenue generation along with increased brand image. In this context, Tesco at present has its business operations in 11 countries of the world. However, Tesco is in verge of expanding its market in Germany. Internalisation process includes many processes such as selection of appropriate modes of entry, market analysis, competitor analysis, value chain analysis. There are many theoretical frameworks, that companies usually use in order to formulate their appropriate form of internalisation strategy (Ulrich 2013). The theoretical frameworks include value chain analysis, porters five forces, porters diamond model, Porters generic strategies, Ansoff matrix, etc. The above-mentioned theories will help Tesco on doing business operations in the German market. A proper market research about the external market analysis is described in this sect ion of the study. Through PESTEL analysis, Tesco will help to gather a knowledge of the market environment of Germany and its developments from the last five years. Regarding external market, it is seen that the trends of shopping is changed a lot. Apart from that, the level of customer service of the supermarkets is increasing and has been changed a lot. All the supermarkets present in Germany such as Aldi, Lidl, etc. are using modern technologies in order to provide excellent customer service while attracting more customers towards their company. Apart from them, price war between the companies of the supermarkets is the main area of competition in terms of revenue generation as well as customer attraction (Budhwar and Debrah 2013). Tesco in German market not only implements cost leadership strategy but also it maintains an economy of scale in the process of manufacturing, distribution, marketing, etc. However, PESTEL analysis will help the company to gain an understanding of the different aspects o f the external market challenges. Tescos strong point of focusing the customers and improving their shopping experience will help the company to overcome the challenges and utilizing the opportunities available in the external market. PESTEL Political factors: Tesco is a company that operates on global basis. It is the biggest multinational supermarket giant in UK. Hence, performance of Tesco is highly favoured by the legislations of UK. Similarly German political condition is favourable for continuing the business operations of Tesco. As Tesco will employ huge number of German employees, German government will provide support to the company. Economic factors: Economic factors of Germany are stable. The growth of German economy is stable. Tesco will be able to generate huge profits from the German market. The food and grocery market of Germany is improved which will support the business operations of the company. International business of the company will be the benefitted by the favourable economic conditions (Mondy and Martocchio 2016). Socio-cultural factors: Socio cultural factors include the behaviour of the customers while purchasing goods. The decision-making factors of the consumers come under the socio cultural factors. The trend of rising of buying products is changing. German trends of shopping have been changed from one stop to bulk shopping due to wide changes in the society. Demographic changes are also prevalent in Germany. Technological factors: Germany is technologically advanced. Tesco will avail the benefits of using modern technologies of retail market. It is seen that Germany has leading supermarket chains that are spread in many countries of the world. Companies such as Aldi Lidl, etc, have a deeper reach in the perspective of technology but also in terms of technological aspects (Kramar 2014). Environmental factors: Environmental factors include sustainability in terms of protecting the environment. German government is very concerned about the environment and its effect from the companies. Tesco will have to abide by the rules framed by the German regulatory bodies. Tesco must focus on their strategic management department of the company so that they can cover the all-possible sustainable strategies in their business operations. Legal factors: Legal factors include the employment laws, human right laws, consumer protection laws, laws related to marketing, etc. that Tesco has to abide by while providing privilege to the German workers in their company. It will help in building trust with the employees as well as with the consumers (Brewster et al. 2016). Company profile Tesco is one of the largest retailers of the world that serves millions of customers through its online and offline stores. Every year Tesco is successful in accomplishing its business and strategic goals. However, the three values of Tesco are that Tesco treat people about their actual way of treatment, it tries hard to satisfy their customers and its every little help is responsible for creating a huge difference to the consumers. Main motive of Tesco is to continuous improvement of the experience of the shoppers by providing excellent customer service. The core business objectives of Tesco are to simplify the price of the products while improving ranges through continuous innovation of products (Truss Mankin and Kelliher 2012). It will lead to deliver excellent customer service by improving the shopping experience of the consumers. The business priorities of Tesco are to regain the competitive advantages not only in the markets of UK but also in the German market, to strengthen and protect the balance sheet and rebuilding transparency and trust. In this perspective, the regaining of competitive advantage in the German market is most important. The highlighted themes in this context are making the German shoppers trip easier, better availability of everyday products and stable, lower prices so that German shoppers can build trust on Tesco. Another aspect is trust and transparency both in terms of customers and employees of the German branch of Tesco. The strategic human resource department of Tesco will have to focus on the performance management systems of the employees so that it can meet the goals set for the business operations (Armstrong and Taylor 2014). It is seen that in many branches of Tesco, outside UK, the expected outcomes regarding the employee performance is not matching the actual performance of the employees. Finally, it leads to unexpected level of customer service. In the new branch of Germany, these activities will not be entertained. Hence, many changes are to be done that are mentioned in the recommendation section of the study. Evaluation of HRM theories Organizational culture is a vital aspect that is important for every company which are adopting different methods of internalization. Strategies of strategic human resource management and organizational culture are related with each other. Companies that are going global must adopt the culture of the target country. Cross-cultural dimension are to be maintained in order to get the maximum productivity from the employees working in the different strategic business units of the company. Adopting the new culture will help the company in building trust not only to the employees working in it but also to the customers of the company. The company to improve the element of culture in the organizational context can apply many strategic human resource models. They are described below. Harvard model: The model is used as a strategic map while concentrating on the softer part of the HRM aspects. Harvard model focuses on employee commitment. The model can be categorized into six categories such as situational factors, stakeholder interest, human resource outcomes, long term consequences, feedback loop, choice of human resource management policy. Michigan model: This model put emphasis on the harder aspect of HRM practices. It implies that people will be managed with the availability of the resources. As per the model, appraisal, rewards, selection and development are aligned to the organizational performance (Jackson et al. 2014). Guest comparative model: It is an integrated HRM practices that lead to superior organizational performance and individual performance. The model includes different types of strategies such as innovation, differentiation, focusing on cost reduction and quality that will lead to increase of good practices that influence commitment, quality of outcome and flexibility by selection, training, job involvement, job security, etc. The outcomes of the model are increased productivity, fewer conflicts, lesser complaints from the customers, etc. Warwick model: It is a model of human resource management that has an analytical approach that recognizes different impacts of the various roles of various personnel functions on different context of human resource strategy. The context are defined as inner context, outer context, HRM context, business strategy context, etc. Motivational theory: The theory explains various factors which affect a behaviour that is goal directed. It influences various approaches that are used in different strategies of HRM while enhancing employee engagement. It is a situation where people are focused in their work. The organizations are motivated in achieving higher levels of performance (Knies et al. 2015). Human capital theory: Human capital theory of human resource management illustrates the way that companies follow in order to utilize the skills, capabilities, and abilities while enhancing the capability of the organization and their impact on contribution to the productivity of the employees. Organizational values in terms of economy is related to the efficiency of the workers while achieving the organizational outcomes and accomplishing organizational goals. Tesco in its every branch of operations also uses human capital theory. However, it helps in utilizing different skills and abilities of the newly recruited people in the new branch (Marler and Fisher 2013). Recruitment and selection process Recruitment and selection methods of an organization are the main area of focus of the company while improving organizational process. Tesco is a multinational supermarket retail chain that is focused on delivering values to its customers. The organizational values can be provided to the customers only when the employees have a proper and in depth understanding of the organizational goals and objectives. Recruitment and selection methods are the strong areas of Tesco that is responsible for recruiting quality candidates from the German talent pool. Apart from that, Tesco is following many methods and strategies of rewards and recognition for their employees so that they can form the asset of the organization (Storey 2014). The process of recruitment is defined as the pool of qualified applicants that are selected for working with Tesco. Tesco applies various types of recruiting process while recruiting candidates such as internal processes of recruiting, external recruiting, and alte rnative ways. Internal approaches of training include promoting transfer, job-posting, union through assigning, dependents of decreased retired employees. On the other hand, external approaches of training include employment agencies, advertising, walk-ins, e-recruitment, employee referrals, college recruits, etc. Apart from that, alternative ways of recruiting methods include overtime, leasing employees, temporarily workers, part time workers, and outsourcing (Morgeson et al. 2013). In terms of recruitment, Tesco at first considers internal recruitment plans in order to fill their vacancies by employee referrals and other mentioned approaches. After that, if any suitable employee is not being selected from the internal management then the company focuses on internal e-recruitment methods while advertising their available vacancies in the intranet of Tesco. In terms of selection, the applicants are chosen in a way so that the company can get the best output from the selected candidates from the country (Bratton and Gold 2012). Apart from that, the participation and reward strategies of Tesco are lucrative that helps in talent management of the different levels of employees. Different approaches of training Training and development is considered as very crucial for the success and organizational development. Training approaches are beneficial for both Tesco and its employees. As a result of training, the employee base of the organization will be stronger in terms of efficiency and productivity. After the process of orientation, training will take place. Tesco follow the processes of training in order to enhance skills, knowledge and capabilities of the newly recruited employees of Tesco in its German branch (Alfes et al. 2013). Tesco has a different set of values that the employees of the new branch must know so that they can understand the organizational culture and organizational values in a proper way. It will lead to provide excellent customer service. However, there are different approaches of training and development that Tesco will have to adapt in the German branch such as in-house training, on job training, off job training, etc. In Tesco, on job trainings are provided to the employees of all departments in the everyday working basis. On-job training of Tesco will provide benefit to both semi-proficient and in-proficient employees. The newly recruited employees are trained in the practical working scenario so that they can be aware of the problems and challenges in their work areas. The motto of on-job training of Tesco is learning by doing (Buller and McEvoy 2012). On the other hand, off job Tesco in the German branch of operations will newly start training. As the main head office of Tesco in United Kingdom, hence the important decisions related to human resource department and other strategic management department of the company. New employees of Germany will be provided training in few areas from the corporate head office of Tesco in order to provide excellent customer service by improving the shopping experience of the German customers (Paill et al. 2014). There are differences in both types of training approaches in terms of results and way of providing the training. Cultural difference is an aspect that is important for managing the organizational performance in different branches of operations. Performance Management System Performance management is defined as the goal oriented process that direct towards ensuring different organizational process that helps in maximization of productivity of the teams, employees and organization as a whole. Performance management is considered as the major player that will help Tesco in achieving the organizational goals while enhancing the value of the employees (Jiang et al. 2012). Different types of performance management systems include incentive goals and improvement of the performance of the employees. Modern businesses focus on the performance management systems so that their productivity can be improved. In the perspective of performance management system, every workers of the organization is equally important. Organizational culture of Tesco is an important aspect that the company focuses so that they can serve better to the customers. If the performances of the employees are not up to the mark, then they are not be able to serve the customers by meeting their demands. Hence, Tesco will implement Integrated Learning and performance management in order to accomplish the goals and objectives set for the business objectives. German employees should be measured as well as the customers of the company should be checked (Renwick et al. 2013). Different kinds of performance appraisals as well as automated solutions are to be formulated by the company while developing the careers of the employees. Individuals of the company must be aligned with the corporate goals of the company. In Tesco, both operational performances of the department as well as the performance of the company towards the community are concerned because the company values are aligned with focusing the customer needs. Internal audit is done on the perspective of measuring the organizational performance as well as individual performance. German employees will be more in number in terms of employees from UK (Obeidat et al. 2016). The strategic management department of the company along with the human resource department of the company will be responsible for maintaining all the steps of performance management systems. Relation between HRM and organizational performance Many issues are faced by the organizations that are adopting the process of internalization especially in the aspect of strategic human resource management. Tesco will also face in the aspect of strategic human resource department. There is a direct and indirect relationship between organizational performance and HRM. Employees of the organization sometimes faces lack in understanding regarding the understanding of the process in which strategic HRM is responsible for creating increased performance and organizational performance (Stahl et al. 2012). Little understanding is required about gaining a proper knowledge of the mechanisms of the strategic human resources practices. Black box model in this situation will help the company in mitigating the issues in HRM. The black box acts as a mediator between the HRM practices and organizational performances. There are many concepts that are included in the different aspects of the black box. The model acts as a casual pathway between the organizational performance and the HRM practices of the organization. The relationship between different aspects of the HRM aspects is complex in nature. Different practices of HR include training, selection, rewards, appraisal, involvement status, job design and job security. The mediating variables of these aspects are abilities of the employees, skills of the employees, understanding the role of the workers, skills of the employees, structure of work, motivation of the work, opportunities of work, etc. The HR related issues are all mentioned in the black box model (Stone and Dulebohn 2013). Organization goals of Tesco are focused on the commitment of the employees in improving the different types of shopping experiences of customers. Organizational commitment is an aspect that should be considered by every employee of Tesco in order to provide his or her best to the organization. As a multinational retail giant, the company not only focus on to the development of new products while serving the demands of the German people in the market but also to the level of service provided by the employees to the shoppers (Jabbour et al. 2013). Importance of compensation and benefits Compensation is defined as the systematic approach that will provide both monetary and non-monetary approaches while putting emphasis on the values of the employees. Benefits are provided to the employees in return of their work done. Compensation in Tesco is a tool which is used to by the management department of the organization in order to use resource capabilities while improving the performance of the company by encouraging employees to perform well in their respective fields of work (Hendry 2012). Compensation in Tesco is used for achieving various purposes while assisting the human resource department in the field of job satisfaction, job performance and recruitment. Tesco will adjust the compensation as per the business objectives, goals, requirements and other available resources of the company. Compensation is used in many purposes such as: Recruiting and retaining qualified employees Increasing or maintaining morale satisfaction of the employees Rewarding and encouraging peak performance Achieving internal and external equity Modifying practices of unions through negotiations (Shields et al. 2015) Improving job performances, job evaluation, job satisfaction Retention and recruitment of talented and qualified employees is one of the goals of the human resource department of Tesco. The cost and availability of the qualified candidates that have applied for the open positions available in Tesco Germany is also determined by the external market factors. However, Tesco will introduce many compensation plans for their German employees in order to boost up the performance of the companies while enhancing competitive advantage to the employees (Chuang et al. 2013). Ideal compensation has so much benefits and is responsible for having a positive impact on the performance of the employees of Tesco. The employees of Tesco will be encouraged by the systems of performance management and compensation while driving excellence in their field of work. However, benefits of Tesco will enhance job evaluation process while setting up a standard for the job in order to create unique standards of the job assigned to the new German workers (Sourchi and Liao 2015). Conclusion: Tesco is a supermarket giant that has a well reputation in Britain as well as in its other 11 locations in 11 countries of the world. The company is in the verge of expanding its business operations in Germany. There are many challenges that are mentioned in the study both in terms of internal and external environment. In terms of external environment, it is seen that the Germany is very competitive in terms of supermarkets. Tesco will face tough competition from Aldi and Lidl that has a huge market share as well as high reputation in the market. Apart from that, they are also having a well maintained supply chain and distribution channel between their facility sites and the departmental stores. Besides these there are also other issues related to the human resource capital management that Tesco might face while expanding its business operations. Supermarkets of Germany are competitive in nature. They are serving the customers at their level best not only in terms of best quality pro ducts but also in terms of excellent customer service. Apart from these activities, the government laws and regulations of Germany are also responsible for modification of some of the business operations. Tesco will have to abide by the laws and regulations of the government of Germany in order to maintain its business operations smoothly. Regarding the external environment, Tesco must choose the suppliers and distributors widely so that it can utilize the best from them in order to maintain a low cost in the perspective of manufacturing. Lower cost manufacturing along with selling goods to the customers of the target by maintaining a standard quality will be the future strategy of Tesco while penetrating German market (Stredwick 2013). Tesco will have to conduct market research not only in terms of product development but also in terms of competitive human resource advantage. Competitive advantage in terms of human resource capital is a vital aspect that will help Tesco in gaining an increased market share in the supermarket industry. Human capital measurement in this aspect is necessary for increased customer satisfaction (Shatouri et al. 2013). Strategic human resource management i ssues of Tesco are also related to the external environment that are explained in the study. Retail industry is based on both products and excellent customer service. Human capital is a factor of consideration of Tesco when it is not operating on its home country. Recruitment of German people is more profitable for Tesco than recruiting people from UK. Apart from that, the methods of compensation and benefits of the employees must be modified as per the employment regulations of Germany (Boella and Goss-Turner 2013). Non monetary benefits can be added in order to motivate the new German workers of the company. Tesco must build trust to the consumers of the Germany in order to recruit quality people for the company. Different types of performance measurement techniques that are discussed above must be implemented at regular interval so that the real talents of the company will get highlighted (Nickson 2013). References Alfes, K., Shantz, A.D., Truss, C. and Soane, E.C., 2013. The link between perceived human resource management practices, engagement and employee behaviour: a moderated mediation model.The international journal of human resource management,24(2), pp.330-351. Armstrong, M. and Taylor, S., 2014.Armstrong's handbook of human resource management practice. Kogan Page Publishers. Boella, M. and Goss-Turner, S., 2013.Human resource management in the hospitality industry: A guide to best practice. Routledge. Bratton, J. and Gold, J., 2012.Human resource management: theory and practice. Palgrave Macmillan. Brewster, C., Mayrhofer, W. and Morley, M. eds., 2016.New Challenges for European Resource Management. Springer. Budhwar, P.S. and Debrah, Y.A. eds., 2013.Human resource management in developing countries. Routledge. Buller, P.F. and McEvoy, G.M., 2012. Strategy, human resource management and performance: Sharpening line of sight.Human resource management review,22(1), pp.43-56. Chuang, C.H., Chen, S.J. and Chuang, C.W., 2013. Human resource management practices and organizational social capital: The role of industrial characteristics.Journal of Business Research,66(5), pp.678-687. Hendry, C., 2012.Human resource management. Routledge. Jabbour, C.J.C., de Sousa Jabbour, A.B.L., Govindan, K., Teixeira, A.A. and de Souza Freitas, W.R., 2013. Environmental management and operational performance in automotive companies in Brazil: the role of human resource management and lean manufacturing.Journal of Cleaner Production,47, pp.129-140. Jackson, S.E., Schuler, R.S. and Jiang, K., 2014. An aspirational framework for strategic human resource management.The Academy of Management Annals,8(1), pp.1-56. Jiang, K., Lepak, D.P., Han, K., Hong, Y., Kim, A. and Winkler, A.L., 2012. Clarifying the construct of human resource systems: Relating human resource management to employee performance.Human Resource Management Review,22(2), pp.73-85. Knies, E., Boselie, P., Gould-Williams, J. and Vandenabeele, W., 2015. Special issue of International Journal of Human Resource Management: Strategic human resource management and public sector performance.The International Journal of Human Resource Management,26(3), pp.421-424. Kramar, R., 2014. Beyond strategic human resource management: is sustainable human resource management the next approach?.The International Journal of Human Resource Management,25(8), pp.1069-1089. Marler, J.H. and Fisher, S.L., 2013. An evidence-based review of e-HRM and strategic human resource management.Human Resource Management Review,23(1), pp.18-36. Mondy, R. and Martocchio, J.J., 2016. Human resource management.Human Resource Management, Global Edition. Morgeson, F.P., Aguinis, H., Waldman, D.A. and Siegel, D.S., 2013. Extending corporate social responsibility research to the human resource management and organizational behavior domains: A look to the future.Personnel Psychology,66(4), pp.805-824. Nickson, D., 2013.Human resource management for hospitality, tourism and events. Routledge. Obeidat, B., Al-Sarayrah, S., Tarhini, A., Al-Dmour, R.H., Al-Salti, Z. and Sweis, R., 2016. Cultural Influence on Strategic Human Resource Management Practices: A Jordanian case study.International Business Research,9(10), p.94. Paill, P., Chen, Y., Boiral, O. and Jin, J., 2014. The impact of human resource management on environmental performance: An employee-level study.Journal of Business Ethics,121(3), pp.451-466. Renwick, D.W., Redman, T. and Maguire, S., 2013. Green human resource management: A review and research agenda.International Journal of Management Reviews,15(1), pp.1-14. Shatouri, R.M., Omar, R., Igusa, K. and de So Pedro Filho, F., 2013. Embracing green technology innovation through strategic human resource management: A case of an automotive company.American Journal of Economics and Business Administration,5(2), p.65. Shields, J., Brown, M., Kaine, S., Dolle-Samuel, C., North-Samardzic, A., McLean, P., Johns, R., Robinson, J., O'Leary, P. and Plimmer, G., 2015.Managing Employee Performance Reward: Concepts, Practices, Strategies. Cambridge University Press. Sourchi, S.M. and Liao, J., 2015. The positive impact of high performance work systems (HPWS) on employee commitment and self-sufficiency in strategic human resource management (SHRM) in Kurdistan.European Journal of Business and Management,7(3), pp.80-109. Stahl, G.K., Bjrkman, I. and Morris, S. eds., 2012.Handbook of research in international human resource management. Edward Elgar Publishing. Stone, D.L. and Dulebohn, J.H., 2013. Emerging issues in theory and research on electronic human resource management (eHRM).Human Resource Management Review,23(1), pp.1-5. Storey, J., 2014.New Perspectives on Human Resource Management (Routledge Revivals). Routledge. Stredwick, J., 2013.An introduction to human resource management. Routledge. Truss, C., Mankin, D. and Kelliher, C., 2012.Strategic human resource management. Oxford University Press. Ulrich, D., 2013.Human resource champions: The next agenda for adding value and delivering results. Harvard Business Press.